Day: October 3, 2019

The ‘carnivore connection’ — evolutionary aspects of insulin resistance

URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/1601351 Journal: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition Publication Date: 03/2002 Summary: Insulin resistance is common and is determined by physiological (aging, physical fitness), pathological (obesity) and genetic factors. The metabolic compensatory response to insulin resistance is hyperinsulinaemia, the primary purpose of which is to maintain normal glucose tolerance. The ‘carnivore connection’ postulates a critical role for the quantity …

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Glycation, ageing and carnosine: Are carnivorous diets beneficial?

URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0047637405001193 Journal: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development  Publication Date: 10/2005  Summary: Non-enzymic protein glycosylation (glycation) plays important roles in ageing and in diabetes and its secondary complications. Dietary constituents may play important roles in accelerating or suppressing glycation. It is suggested that carnivorous diets contain a potential anti-glycating agent, carnosine (β-alanyl-histidine), whilst vegetarians may lack intake of the …

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Would Carnosine or a Carnivorous Diet Help Suppress Aging and Associated Pathologies?

URL: https://nyaspubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1196/annals.1354.052 Journal: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences Publication Date: 05/2006 Summary: Carnosine has the potential to suppress many of the biochemical changes (e.g., protein oxidation, glycation, AGE formation, and cross‐linking) that accompany aging and associated pathologies. Glycation, generation of advanced glycosylation end‐products (AGEs), and formation of protein carbonyl groups play important roles in aging, …

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Scientific evidence of diets for weight loss: Different macronutrient composition, intermittent fasting, and popular diets

URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0899900719301030#! Journal: Nutrition Publication Date: 01/2020 Summary: Review of dietary strategies fro weight loss. There is no one most effective diet to promote weight loss. In the short term, high-protein, low-carbohydrate diets and intermittent fasting are suggested to promote greater weight loss and could be adopted as a jumpstart.  Key Takeaways There are many strategies to promote …

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Reduction of Red and Processed Meat Intake and Cancer Mortality and Incidence: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Cohort Studies

URL: https://annals.org/aim/fullarticle/2752321/reduction-red-processed-meat-intake-cancer-mortality-incidence-systematic-review Journal: Annals of Internal Medicine Publication Date: 10/2019 Summary: The possible absolute effects of red and processed meat consumption on cancer mortality and incidence are very small, and the certainty of evidence is low to very low. Key Takeaways Claims that red and processed meat consumption is linked with cancer deaths is unsubstantiated by the body …

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Red and Processed Meat Consumption and Risk for All-Cause Mortality and Cardiometabolic Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Cohort Studies

URL: https://annals.org/aim/fullarticle/2752320/red-processed-meat-consumption-risk-all-cause-mortality-cardiometabolic-outcomes Journal: Annals of Internal Medicine Publication Date: 10/2019 Summary: The magnitude of association between red and processed meat consumption and all-cause mortality and adverse cardiometabolic outcomes is very small, and the evidence is of low certainty. Key Takeaways Red and processed meats are claimed to cause more deaths related to heart and metabolic diseases, but the …

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Health-Related Values and Preferences Regarding Meat Consumption: A Mixed-Methods Systematic Review

URL: https://annals.org/aim/fullarticle/2752323/health-related-values-preferences-regarding-meat-consumption-mixed-methods-systematic Journal: Annals of Internal Medicine  Publication Date: 10/2019 Summary: Low-certainty evidence suggests that omnivores are attached to meat and are unwilling to change this behavior when faced with potentially undesirable health effects. Key Takeaways People who eat meat may be unwilling to give it up even when presented with the idea that it causes detrimental effects to …

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Patterns of Red and Processed Meat Consumption and Risk for Cardiometabolic and Cancer Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Cohort Studies

URL: https://annals.org/aim/fullarticle/2752327/patterns-red-processed-meat-consumption-risk-cardiometabolic-cancer-outcomes-systematic Journal: Annals of Internal Medicine Publication Date: 10/2019 Summary: Low- or very-low-certainty evidence suggests that dietary patterns with less red and processed meat intake may result in very small reductions in adverse cardiometabolic and cancer outcomes. Key Takeaways Only poor quality evidence suggests less meat consumption leads to very small reductions in heart and metabolic disease and …

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Unprocessed Red Meat and Processed Meat Consumption: Dietary Guideline Recommendations From the Nutritional Recommendations (NutriRECS) Consortium

URL: https://annals.org/aim/fullarticle/2752328/unprocessed-red-meat-processed-meat-consumption-dietary-guideline-recommendations-from Journal: Annals of Internal Medicine Publication Date: 10/2019 Summary: The panel suggests that adults continue current unprocessed red meat consumption (weak recommendation, low-certainty evidence). Similarly, the panel suggests adults continue current processed meat consumption (weak recommendation, low-certainty evidence). Key Takeaways After analyzing 5 systematic reviews related to meat consumption on health, a 14 member panel …

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Should dietary guidelines recommend low red meat intake?

URL: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10408398.2019.1657063 Journal: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition Publication Date: 09/2019 Summary: Mainstream dietary recommendations now commonly advise people to minimize the intake of red meat for health and environmental reasons. Most recently, a major report issued by the EAT-Lancet Commission recommended a planetary reference diet mostly based on plants and with no or very …

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