Ultra-processed food and risk of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies

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URL: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34904160/
Journal: International Journal of Epidemiology
Publication Date: 08/2022
Summary: In total 2272 records were screened, of which 18 studies, including almost 1.1 million individuals, were included in this review and 72% showed a positive association between ultra-processed foods and the risk of diabetes. According to the studies included in the meta-analysis, compared with non-consumption, moderate intake of ultra-processed food increased the risk of diabetes by 12% [relative risk (RR): 1.12; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.06-1.17, I2 = 24%], whereas high intake increased risk by 31% (RR: 1.31; 95% CI: 1.21-1.42, I2 = 60%).

Key Takeaways

Even moderate consumption of Ultra-processed food can increase your risk of diabetes by 12%, and high ultra processed food intake can increase it by 31%.

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