Later circadian timing of food intake is associated with increased body fat

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URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5657289/
Journal: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Publication Date: 11/2017
Summary: Nonlean individuals (high body fat) consumed most of their calories 1.1 h closer to melatonin onset, which heralds the beginning of the biological night, than did lean individuals (low body fat) (log-rank P = 0.009). In contrast, there were no differences between lean and nonlean individuals in the clock hour of food consumption (P = 0.72). Multiple regression analysis showed that the timing of food intake relative to melatonin onset was significantly associated with the percentage of body fat and body mass index (both P < 0.05) while controlling for sex, whereas no relations were found between the clock hour of food intake, caloric amount, meal macronutrient composition, activity or exercise level, or sleep duration and either of these body composition measures (all P > 0.72).

Key Takeaways

Eating your last meal later in the night is associated with higher levels of body fat.

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